CHRISTMAS COFFEE RECIPES

CHRISTMAS COFFEE RECIPES  

Coffee is at the center of many hot drinks, and here are preparations for the end-of-year celebrations.

Snow White

A creamy coffee that will remind you of the tale of your childhood. To taste for two:

Snow White coffee

  • 200ml espresso coffee

  • 200ml milk

  • 50g of white chocolate
White chocolate shavings to decorate your preparation

Froth the milk and pour it into two decorative cups. Melt the white chocolate in a bain-marie and mix with the still-hot coffee. Pour the preparation over the milk froth previously placed in the cups. Decorate the drink with a few shavings of white chocolate.

Coffee under fir tree

Coffee under fir tree


An ideal drink in this cold period is by the fire or at the foot of the tree. To savor face-to-face:

  • 200 ml strong espresso (equivalent to 2 cups)

  • 100ml milk

  • 200 ml warmed cocoa

  • A pinch of gingerbread spice

  • Sugar according to the desired taste

  • 2 gingerbreads for decoration
Mix in a saucepan, coffee, cocoa, and gingerbread spice. Froth the milk. Fill two decorative cups with the coffee preparation then add the milk froth. Sweeten to taste and decorate the top with small pieces of gingerbread. Enjoy this winter drink with delicious gingerbread.

Christmas Magic

Christmas Magic
  • 1 teaspoon hazelnut cream

  • 1 teaspoon of honey

  • 1 pinch of ginger

  • 1 pinch of cardamom

  • 1 strong espresso

  • A bit of milk

1-Mix 1 teaspoon of hazelnut cream with 1 teaspoon of honey.

2-Add a pinch of ginger and cardamom.

3-Stir until obtaining a creamy mass. Then prepare a strong espresso and milk froth like a cappuccino.

4-Dissolve a little hazelnut cream in the espresso and cover with milk froth.

5-Then decorate the milk froth with creamy preparation.

The market for recyclable cups without a lid is growing

The market for recyclable cups without a lid is growing

The market for recyclable cups without a lid is growing

After Unocup, which was developed by New York designers after a crowdfunding campaign, a new product has just appeared on the British market: the ButterflyCup.

The conclusion is the same. Each year, 8.5 million tonnes of plastic are found in the world's oceans. In the UK, figures show 5,000 cups of coffee thrown away every minute, or 2.5 billion cups of coffee every year, while only 1 in 400 is recycled.

This is why ButterflyCup was launched in the United Kingdom at the beginning of December 2020. The product is also available in around twenty countries today.

Folding game

After Unocup, ButterflyCup presents itself as the most ecological disposable cup in the world. Most cups today are not recycled due to their plastic liner and separate plastic lid.

Today only 14% of the packaging produced is correctly collected and therefore recycled", recalls ButterflyCup on its website.

 As of January 1, 2020, straws and similar single-use plastic items such as hot drink caps are banned.

The design of the ButterflyCup cup makes the use of these obsolete. Indeed, its innovative folding takes the form of two beaks; forming an eco-friendly lid that makes it easy to drink anywhere. »

A cup to recycle

Unlike traditional take-out cups, Unocup and ButterflyCup contain no plastic laminate and, most importantly, due to their one-piece design, eliminate the need for a plastic lid. A clever folding game solves the problem.

The disposable cup to take away without a lid can thus be recycled in the bin reserved for paper, where paper and cardboard are normally thrown away. The mug naturally biodegrades and can be composted.

Moroccan coffee with spices

Moroccan coffee with spices

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The Arabic coffee with spices is the essential hot drink of the Moroccan table, is eaten slowly while savoring all its aromas often accompanied by honey cakes or oriental pastries such as Zlabia, Baklawa, Balah el sham, Kalb ellouz, Basboussa and others honeyed delights.The recipe is super easy and quick, just grind the spices then mix them with the coffee of your choice, preferably arabica, in this recipe I use several spices: cloves, cardamom, ginger, pepper, cinnamon, cubeb, anise, mastic, fennel, nutmeg .

The particularity of this coffee is that there are sesame seeds and nuts which really gives depth to its aromas! I happen to use just a few! For the express version you can add the four spices with a little ginger to your drink!

Ingredients :

250g good quality ground coffee (preferably arabica)

10 cloves

10 black peppercorns

10 cardamom pods

10 cubeb seeds (tailed pepper)

1 teaspoon anise seeds

1 teaspoon of fennel seeds

1 teaspoon of cinnamon or 2 sticks

1 teaspoon powdered ginger

3 mastic seeds

1 teaspoon sesame seeds

2 walnut kernels

1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg

Preparation :

In a spice grinder or in your food processor, put all the spices, seeds and nuts then grind them very finely.

Sieve the powder obtained.

In a large bowl, put the ground coffee then add 2 good teaspoons of the spice mix then mix everything.

Put the coffee with spices in an airtight jar and reserve in a dry and cool place.

Make your coffee normally in the coffee machine or in an Italian coffee maker (count one teaspoon per cup of coffee depending on the taste if you want it long or espresso)

Enjoy the hot spiced coffee with cane sugar preferably for more aroma and why not a touch of milk.

Good realization and good tasting!

The Best Brands of Strong Coffees


Looking for more than the average dose of coffee? Check out these brands!



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Of course, we like our coffee strong and aromatic. Morning coffee gets us out of bed and ready for the day. But what is the strongest coffee in the world? The strength of the coffee depends on the amount of caffeine it contains.

A typical cup of filter coffee contains about 90 milligrams of caffeine. In a cup of espresso, which many consider stronger, there is even less caffeine than in a regular cup of coffee. However, if you compare the amount of drinks, espresso contains more caffeine than regular filter coffee.

There are specialty coffee vendors who sell their coffee with more than double the caffeine found in traditionally roasted beans. Thus, a cup of coffee from this strong coffee maker contains a significantly higher amount of caffeine and is therefore only for real caffeine addicts.

What are the strongest coffees in the world?

Six coffee suppliers aim to produce the world's strongest coffe.. Death Wish Coffee, Black Insomnia Coffee, Banned Coffee, Biohazard Coffee, Shock Coffee, and Killer Coffee provide the needed extra boost and boost to start the day

Death Wish Cafe

The Death Wish coffee developed by Mike Brown comes from the United States.. The powerful effect of one of the strongest coffees in the world is already underlined by the product name and the dark black packaging with a white skull on it.

According to the manufacturer, 100 milliliters of Death Wish coffee contains 151 mg of caffeine, which is approximately 200% more caffeine than in normal filter coffee. Therefore, a cup of strong coffee is not necessarily harmful to the human body , it should not exceed two cups so as not to exceed the maximum recommended daily dose of caffeine.

Forbidden coffee

The first competitor to Death Wish coffee is Banned Coffee from French manufacturer Terri Rossi. He and two of his colleagues tasted coffee. When one of the guests suggested that the coffee was so strong that it should be banned, the name of this contender for the strongest coffee in the world was born. With 237 milligrams of caffeine per 100 milliliters, the caffeine content is significantly higher than that of Death Wish coffee.

Black insomnia coffee

Due to the amount of caffeine it contains, it is the strongest coffee in the world: black insomnia coffee.. With 702 milligrams of caffeine per cup, it's not entirely harmless. Swiss lab tester and inventor Sean Kristafo created the coffee with beans and roasters .According to news from South Africa, Death Wish Coffee and Banned Coffee are fighting for the title of the world's strongest coffee. It has not yet been proven that the high caffeine content is purely natural..

Shock Coffee

This coffee is considered by many coffee lovers to be the brand that invented the strong coffee trend; the brand does not mention caffeine on its packaging, its coffee which is a blend of Arabica and Robusta beans is claimed to be twice as strong as regular roasts..

Biohazard coffee

Dramatic name, dramatic values: "Biohazard" is the name of this New York coffee blend which, when brewed with 250 milliliters of water, contains 457.8 milligrams of caffeine!

killer coffee

This coffee is made from arabica beans - comes from Australia. The brand is proud to have found the strongest Arabica coffee beans, which traditionally contain less caffeine than Robusta coffee beans. A 250-milliliter cup of "killer" coffee contains 430 milligrams of caffeine - a value that is already above the daily caffeine consumption recommendation.

Considering the amount of caffeine that Black Insomnia coffee contains, it is probably the strongest coffee in the world.. However, it remains to be seen whether the caffeine dose in the coffee was also produced purely naturally.

What does caffeine do in our bodies?

Coffee is now proven to promote health rather than damage it, as has long been assumed and even propagated. If you consume coffee in moderation as recommended, caffeine also contributes significantly to your health..

Caffeine has now been shown to increase endurance and reaction time, and improve short-term memory, stimulates the central nervous system, makes tired people alive, activity muscle is activated, which also has a positive effect on the heart.

When you drink coffee in a healthy way, it reduces the incidence of heart disease and heart attacks. It also reduces gallstones.. Caffeine is said to clean the arteries. Studies show these effects

Why are coffee pods so popular?

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When the first coffee pods (and the machines that use them) entered the market two decades ago, it was seen as something new. Not only are coffee capsules an entirely new concept, but they have also been a somewhat exclusive commodity. As were the machines needed to use it.

Today, tens of millions of people worldwide rely on it for 100% Nespresso capsules and machines. 
They simply cannot imagine going back to an era when Nespresso capsules did not exist. This is, even though others will tell you that unless you brew a cup of coffee by scratching the old-fashioned way, it's simply not a real cup of coffee.

Granted, the ceremony of brewing a fresh cup of coffee the traditional way is part of the fun. Moreover, traditional brewing methods open the door to limitless experiences. But this does not detract from the popularity of coffee capsules.

So, why is these Nespresso capsules and similar coffee capsules such a huge success? What do Nespresso capsules offer that transcends the traditional approach to brewing coffee?

1) No skill included

If you simply can't be bothered by learning the ins and outs of expert coffee brewing, Nespresso capsules could be right on your street. The idea is that instead of getting bogged down in the science of how it all works, you can simply toss a capsule in the machine and let it take care of things for you.

2) Fresh coffee with every cup

One of the most important rules when it comes to making quality coffee is to keep the coffee beans and ground coffee as fresh as possible. Or in other words, use only the exact amount you need at the exact time you need it. This is exactly how high-quality Nespresso capsules work - each unit is airtight, with the seal breaking at the moment of use. It all ensures incredible freshness with every cup.

3) Less mess to clean

Some of the most popular methods of brewing coffee are usually surprisingly messy. The more equipment you need, the longer it will take to clear things out when the mission is over. Not the end of the world, but a headache that can nevertheless be avoided by using quality coffee capsules. In most coffee capsule machines, the capsule is removed and placed in the relevant recycling container and you are ready to brew your next cup.

4) A variety of options

Last but not least, working with coffee pods no longer means having to accept just a handful of generic coffees. Quite the opposite - there are thousands of different types of coffee available in capsule form. Some of them are manufactured using the most incredible specialty coffee on the market. So if it's been a while since you pulled out the newest coffee pods, you can get a pleasant surprise!

Our store offers you a complete guide to buying the best online Nespresso capsules, coffee tablets,  coffee machines , whole beans, and ground coffee. Our specialty coffee menu includes the legendary Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee, the best Hawaiian Kona coffee, Geisha coffee also known as Geisha coffee

Extracted with a laser, this cold-brew coffee is prepared in three minutes

While a cold brew requires an average of 12 to 24 hours of infusion, German scientists have managed to prepare this tasty iced coffee in just three minutes, by developing a laser extraction method. A solution that they hope to market soon, before extending it to other drinks.

Extracted with a laser, this cold-brew coffee is prepared in three minutes

Extracted with a laser, this cold-brew coffee is prepared in three minutes

The scientists used a laser producing 80,000 pulses of 125 picojoules per second.

With several billion regular consumers, coffee ranks second among the most popular beverages on our planet, just behind water. Tight or long, with or without sugar, diluted with milk, depending on tastes, cultures, and morning mood, this simple pleasure can be declined indefinitely.

In recent years, caffeine junkies have been praising the merits of a beverage invented in Japan a few centuries ago: the cold brew.

Refreshing, less bitter, and less acidic, this preparation has everything to please, except for its infusion time. It is indeed necessary to wait between 12 and 24 hours so that the ground coffee diffuses all its aromas in cold water before finally being able to filter it and taste it.

 Suffice it to say that this recipe is not suitable for the heads in the air, nor for the impatient who demand their daily energy shot immediately. Fortunately for them, a team of scientists from the German University of Duisburg and Essen claims to be able to considerably reduce this waiting time, thanks to an ultra-short pulse laser.

A revolutionary coffee pod that does away with capsules

 A revolutionary coffee pod that does away with capsules?

BIODEGRADABLE The pod would be surrounded by a biodegradable membrane



A revolutionary coffee pod that does away with capsules
It could be a real “revolution”, according to the distribution giant. Migros must present a coffee pod only surrounded by a biodegradable membrane, which would make it possible to do without capsules, believes the Swiss daily SonntagsZeitung.

Migros will present under the CoffeeB brand a ball of ground and pressed coffee, surrounded by a thin membrane, which completely eliminates metal or plastic capsules, according to the Sunday newspaper. The coffee ball - an individual dose - is deposited by the user in a specially designed coffee machine and once used it is 100% compostable, including the membrane, explains the newspaper which relies on patents filed by Delica, a subsidiary of Migros.

A new way of sustainable coffee consumption

The group invited the press on Tuesday in Zurich, in the presence of Fabrice Zumbrunnen, the general manager of the distribution group. The invitation evokes “the launch of a breakthrough innovation, destined to become a new way of sustainable coffee consumption”.

With this innovation, “Migros has found a solution to a double problem: the current aluminum or plastic capsules are very energy-intensive to manufacture and they are the source of enormous quantities of waste”, underlines the newspaper. According to the latter, the Delica teams worked for five years at their Birsfelden site near Basel to develop this new product. If CoffeeB appeals to consumers, it will compete directly with that of another Swiss giant, the Nespresso capsules from the NestlĂ© group.

Health Benefits and Disadvantages of coffee

Coffee comes in several forms: in beans, soluble, in capsules, there is something for everyone. 

We will discover the Health Benefits and Disadvantages of Coffee :The most consumed drink in the world.

Health Benefits and Disadvantages of coffee

Caffeine, a stimulant

 Caffeine is a stimulant and acts on the entire central nervous system. Daily, it is recommended not to exceed 400 milligrams of caffeine, which corresponds to four cups of filter coffee or six espressos.

Caffeine increases alertness and concentration.

Thus, it gives an energy boost. After its absorption by the digestive tract, it quickly reaches the brain. There, caffeine blocks the receptors of a substance responsible for soothing the nervous system. As a result, it does not let the brain rest and increases alertness. Hence the fight against drowsiness.

Some athletes are also coffee lovers. By stimulating the nervous system, caffeine improves alertness during sports practice and delays the onset of the feeling of fatigue. A benefit for athletes! Be careful of overdosing so as not to have the negative effects of excessive consumption and choose a coffee without sugar.

Coffee, is an ally against migraine

Coffee is also an ally against migraine thanks to its vasoconstrictor effect, some people also notice that coffee can reduce the pain of a migraine.

Against Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease

In addition, for those who respect the dose of two to three cups a day, coffee reduces the risk of the onset of Parkinson's disease. Studies have also shown that caffeine can protect neurons and impact different brain mechanisms responsible for the development of Alzheimer's disease.

What impact for type 2 diabetes?

Coffee could also have a role to play against the onset of type 2 diabetes. High consumption would reduce the risk. Thus, a meta-analysis of 200,000 people found that drinking six cups a day reduced the risk of type 2 diabetes by 35%. For the moment, the mechanism of action has not been identified nor the link of cause and effect.

Coffee, an ally against cholesterol?

In February 2022, a Canadian study looked at the role that coffee plays in the fight against cardiovascular disease. Researchers assure that two to three cups of coffee a day contain enough caffeine to trigger a biochemical reaction that leads to a decrease in LDL cholesterol levels in the blood. In 2013, a meta-analysis showed that those who drank three to five cups of coffee a day had a 15% lower risk of cardiovascular disease.

Coffee, is good for the heart but with caution

Regarding the benefits of coffee for coffee, the studies do not follow but are not always alike. In August 2021, a study presented at the annual meeting of the European Society of Cardiology, found those who drank up to three cups a day decreased the risk of death from heart disease, stroke, and premature death. A confirmed benefit in people without a diagnosis of heart disease. According to this study, the risk of death from cardiovascular disease is reduced by 17% and that of stroke by 21%.

So, drink coffee but in moderation. In September 2021, a study warned heavy drinkers. According to work by researchers at the University of South Australia, starting with six cups of coffee a day increases the risk of heart disease.

What impact on the appearance of cancers? What effect?

In February 2022, an English study assured that drinking three coffees a day could reduce the risk of mortality by 15% if the coffee is ground. The risk is even reduced by 25% for those who drink less than three cups. What about other types of coffee? Regarding decaffeinated coffee, more than three cups a day reduced mortality by 17%. These results, therefore, prove that the benefits of coffee are not only in the caffeine, further studies are needed to further explain the mechanisms of action and understand where the benefits come from.

No effect was seen for instant coffee drinkers. Instant coffee contains more caffeine and antioxidants than ground coffee, but it also contains twice as much acrylamide, which is neurotoxic and carcinogenic. This same study found a benefit against liver cancer. A downside, it is important to monitor the temperature of the coffee. Indeed, drinking too hot coffee could increase the risk of developing esophageal cancer.

A vitamin bomb

Coffee is an important source of soluble dietary fiber (19.8 grams per 100 grams of ground coffee). In addition, vitamin B3 (15 milligrams per 100 grams of ground coffee) contained in coffee is involved in the nervous system and the skin. Phosphorus (160 milligrams per 100 grams of ground coffee), is also present in coffee.

What are the contraindications of coffee and its side effects?

Coffee is not recommended for some people. Indeed, pregnant women should not abuse it. According to the World Health Organization, pregnant women should consume no more than 300 mg of caffeine per day or about 3 cups of filtered coffee.

While coffee can have many health benefits, excessive consumption will have the opposite effect. Too much coffee – and therefore caffeine – disrupts concentration. But it all depends on individual sensitivity. Too much coffee can cause loss of alertness, difficulty concentrating, increased blood pressure, and increased heart rate. Also, be careful, the caffeine contained in coffee is added to that present in other needs such as sodas, energy drinks, and tea.

Good to know :

Not all coffees have the same caffeine content. The one that contains the most is unsurprisingly espresso with more than 100 mg of caffeine. In a 235 ml cup of filter coffee, there is between 90 and 200 mg of caffeine. An instant coffee of the same capacity contains between 25 and 175 mg of caffeine.
The longer the contact between coffee and water, the more caffeine the drink contains.


The most appreciated and famous types of coffee beans

 Brewing your coffee has many benefits. You'll save money on your monthly coffee purchases, especially if there are multiple cups a day. You will also have more control over the flavor you choose.You need to determine which coffee beans the best suit your particular taste. We will look at The most appreciated and famous types of coffee beans. We will focus on the characteristics of each type and the flavor you can extract from it.

The most appreciated and famous types of coffee beans

Arabica

This variety of beans is probably something you've been using for a while if you've been brewing coffee for a while. It is the most popular type of coffee bean, and it accounts for more than half of all cups of coffee in the world.

To grow the Arabica tree needs plenty of sunshine and regular rainfall. They can thrive at higher elevations and are low maintenance. These trees are easy to harvest and prune as they typically reach six feet in height.

Arabicas are very meticulous about their environment. They won't thrive if they don't get the right environment to grow in and can easily get sick. It is a bad idea for Arabian trees to be grown close together as the disease can spread quickly from tree to tree.

What flavors can you get from arabica beans?

All of its flavors will remain intact if served hot. The perfect amount of acidity will be achieved and you will also detect fruity undertones. It has an overall mild and slightly sweet flavor.

Liberica

Because Liberica is not as well known today as Arabica, it is hard to find these days. In the 1890s, Liberica was temporarily overtaken by Arabica as the favorite coffee bean variety due to a disease that nearly decimated the former's population. That all changed when Arabica was reintroduced as the top choice for coffee beans years later. This has led to a decrease in the number of Liberica tree plantations.

Due to their unusual and asymmetrical shapes, Liberica beans stand out from all other varieties. These beans are known for their strong, earthy flavor. This bean, like Arabica, also has distinct fruity undertones and a slightly charred flavor.

Robusta

In terms of popularity, the Robusta coffee bean is second. But that’s not where the similarities with Arabica end. Robusta trees are not susceptible to environmental conditions and are resistant to many of the same diseases as Arabica. Although they can thrive at low and high elevations, they need warmer temperatures to grow well. Their high levels of caffeine are the key to their remarkable disease resistance. They contain twice as much caffeine as Arabica.

If this variety is grown in the right climate, you should get a full-bodied, richer-tasting coffee. It will have a softer texture, less acidity, and more chocolate undertones. While it's okay to use Robusta beans to brew black coffee, coffee connoisseurs believe Robusta beans taste best when infused with cream, sugar, and milk. These additives do not alter the original flavor.

Robusta is a great choice if you like cream and sugar.

These flavors may not be apparent if you are unable to detect them.

Excelsa

Excelsa is the only coffee bean that closely resembles Liberica. Both types are the same species. This is because they are very different in taste. Excelsa is a mixture of different tones. This coffee has a combination of sweet and fruity flavors, with hints of darker notes. This gives a unique cup of coffee every time.

Racemosa

The most appreciated and famous types of coffee beans

Coffea racemosa is a lesser-known variety, similar to Arabica. It is grown in the coastal strip of South Africa and Mozambique. Adapted to the local climate, it is drought resistant and also grows on sandy soils. Racemosa has a low caffeine content, less than half of Arabica and a quarter of Robusta. The coffee produced is very fragrant.

It may be worth researching the beans you buy if you plan to make your coffee. You will be able to identify the types of flavors you can expect from each coffee bean. Knowing the requirements of growing coffee beans will help you determine if you are getting a high-quality product.


The secrets to making a latte macchiato coffee like in Italy

Latte macchiato, which means stained milk in Italian, is a kind of alternative to cappuccino. It is made with hot whole milk, creamy foam and coffee. The result is magical, superimposed layers giving rise to a color gradient that calls for gluttony.

wath is The secrets to making a latte macchiato coffee  like in Italy and How to prepare it at home?


The secrets to making a latte macchiato coffee  like in Italy

Wath is The secrets to making a latte macchiato coffee like in Italy and How to prepare it at home?

Number of persons

4 PEOPLE

The secrets to making a latte macchiato coffee  like in ItalyPreparation time

10 MINUTES

Cooking time

5 MINUTES.

Difficulty

Easy

Price

Cheap

INGREDIENTS

 33 cl of milk

15 cl of coffee

3 tablespoons chocolate powder

1 sachet of vanilla sugar

PREPARATION

The secrets to making a latte macchiato coffee  like in Italy

Heat your milk and turn it off before it boils.

Meanwhile prepare your coffee as normal.

Pour the packet of vanilla sugar into your milk and stir well to dissolve the sugar. do the same with the chocolate.

Pour the milk into your glasses and using an electric whisk, create a froth.

Your coffee being ready you can add it to each of the glasses, the goal being that it goes below the foam. If this seems too complicated, feel free to do the opposite (first the coffee then the frothed milk).



History of Coffee

The history of coffee is ancient, it has been more than 4 centuries since the arrival of coffee in Europe. This energy drink was quickly appreciated over time, both for its properties and for its social character. We gladly share a cup of coffee during the discussion, and that's always since. Perhaps it is this aspect of sharing and exchange that has made it controversial at times.

History of Coffee

These small grains, so innocuous for us today, have long been at the heart of the controversy, and bans, sometimes even leading to revolts throughout history, both in their country of origin and in France. It was only after a long journey, historical and geographical, that coffee became the drink we know today.

How did these coffee “cherries” from Ethiopia spread around the world to give one of the most consumed products in the world today? How have simple coffee beans managed to endanger kings and emperors throughout history, from the Arab world to Europe?

THE DISCOVERY OF COFFEE
History of Coffee

The legend says that it is to a shepherd of Abyssinia (now Ethiopia) that we owe the discovery of coffee. It was when he saw that his goats were more agitated than usual after having ingested the fruits of a shrub that he decided to try to consume some himself. He is therefore the first to have noticed the energizing effect of the caffeine contained in the cherries of the arabica coffee plants.

He then shared his discovery with the local Sufi community. The latter made a decoction of it in water, which they quickly appreciated because it allowed them not to fall asleep during prayer.

Despite the beauty of legends, science tends to rationalize the facts to bring out the truth. This is how a biological study revealed the origin of coffee. 

As for the first written trace relating to coffee, it dates from the 9th century, in a medical work, which will then be taken up by Avicenna, a Persian doctor, and philosopher, who will quote it in the "Canon of medicine" written in the 11th century. century. He describes the effects of coffee and caffeine on the body, more particularly on the digestive system.

Over the following centuries, coffee would cross the borders of the countries of the Orient, thanks in particular to travelers on pilgrimage to Mecca. They took with them the precious grains giving them energy for their long journey. The spread then took place towards Yemen and the rest of the Arab world, making the plant ever more popular and appreciated.

THE BEGINNINGS OF COFFEE CULTURE
History of Coffee

Scientific research attests to the fact that it was in Yemen that the cultivation of coffee trees began. At the time of Suleiman the Magnificent, sultan of the Ottoman Empire who reigned over much of the Mediterranean basin and central Europe, the domestication and cultivation of coffee began.

Mastering the production of the plant as well as the roasting of the beans, the Ottoman people consumed coffee in a common way. Over the course of the conquests made by this Sultan during the 15th century, consumption, therefore, began to spread in the various annexed countries, making this beverage increasingly popular, well beyond the borders of Ethiopia and Yemen.

It was then in Moka that most of the trading took place at the time. It is in this port that most of the coffee destined for trade is transited to other countries.

COFFEE, A CONTROVERSIAL DRINK


History of Coffee

It was in the 16th century that the first coffees began to emerge in Egypt and the region around Mecca. People came there to drink the famous beverage, chat, and exchange ideas, all surrounded by people from all walks of life. It was at the same time that for the first time in history a leader questioned the right to consume coffee. As the Quran says, any intoxicating substance is forbidden for consumption. It was the Sultan of Cairo who lifted this ban with the backing of medical arguments, and asserted that the consumption of coffee was perfectly in keeping with the laws enacted by Allah himself!

A similar episode took place when cafes opened in Syria, attracting scientists, scholars, and scholars of the time. Despite the bans, the controversial drink continued to be drunk and enjoyed by more and more consumers across the Arab world.

Under the guise of non-compliance with religious laws, the authorities feared the birth of bubbles of protest in cafes .They exchanged ideas, ways of thinking, sometimes questioning the established power. The energizing preparation exacerbated the scholars, leading them to share their doubts, and giving rise to new currents of thought. As often, the novelty frightens the authorities! The coffee bean therefore alone represented defiance of authority and the possibility of questioning the very order of society or the religion in place.

However, at that time, we began to find more and more places offering coffee in Baghdad, Istanbul, Damascus, as well as in many cities of the Arab world. Nothing stopped its expansion and distribution, not even religious and political authorities.

THE ARRIVAL OF COFFEE IN EUROPE


History of Coffee

It was Italian traders, specializing in the spice trade between the East and Europe, who first introduced coffee to Europe. It was at the beginning of the 17th century that the first coffee beans were taken to Italy. Only a few years later, the famous drink began to spread, first among monks and traders, then among the people. The entourage of the pope at the time, Clement VIII, advised him to ban coffee, declaring it an infidel's drink. Coming from Muslim countries, the cardinals surrounding the Holy Father took a dim view of the fact that this drink was introduced on the other side of the Mediterranean. The latter did nothing. After tasting it, he declared that it would have been a shame to leave the pleasure of this drink to the infidels alone!

Dutch merchants also allowed the famous grains to travel. At the time, Ottoman traders scalded coffee beans so that they could not germinate. However, Pieter Van der Broecke, captain of a Dutch merchant ship managed to obtain some intact seeds. They are the ones that were used to introduce plantations in Europe, Asia, and the West Indies!

In parallel, in the middle of the 17th century, cafes began to open in England. Once again, intellectuals and free thinkers met there to exchange and discuss. It did not take more for the prosecutor of King Charles II to declare the mandatory closure of these places, where liberal ideas and pamphlets were widely shared among the protesters of the time. Faced with the revolt of the people, the ban will be quickly lifted, and only 50 years later England had nearly 2000 cafes spread throughout the British territory.

In France, it was in Marseille that coffee was introduced to the territory. Imported from Egypt on the initiative of a merchant from Marseilles in 1644, consumption quickly became popular, enough for the first French coffee to see the light of day in Marseilles city in 1671. It was not until 1669 that the precious roasted beans arrived in Paris, with the visit of Soliman Aga, emissary of the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Besides the fact that the attempt to bring France and Turkey together was a fiasco, Soliman allowed King Louis XIV to taste the beverage that was gradually spreading in the courts of Europe.

Did you know? It is in France that for the first time percolation will be used for the preparation of coffee. Until then, only the infusion allowed the preparation of the grains.

In 1715, it was the mayor of Amsterdam who offered a few coffee trees to Louis XIV when he signed the “coffee treaty”. The latter hastened to entrust them to the gardeners of the Jardin du Roi, who took the greatest care of them. This is how a few years later, under the reign of Louis XV, plants will be introduced to Reunion, to Bourbon, thus allowing France to become autonomous by possessing its plantations. It is then in Martinique and then in Guadeloupe that coffee trees will be introduced to guarantee the production necessary for the French kingdom.

Meanwhile, Austria and Germany had also succumbed to the pleasure of coffee. Establishments offering the now famous drink were born there from the end of the 17th century. It was following the route of the Turkish army that the Viennese tasted coffee, thanks to the discovery of a stock of green cherries left behind. It was a Pole who took advantage of this windfall and opened the first Viennese establishment.

The logical continuation of this expansion was to take coffee across the Atlantic, to America.

THE INTRODUCTION OF COFFEE TO THE REST OF THE WORLD


History of Coffee

First, coffee reached North America in 1689. Although largely populated by tea-loving English immigrants, the country quickly made it the national drink. The episode of the Boston Tea Party, during which the stocks of English tea were sunk by the North American inhabitants marked a real split with the British crown, which drew an undeniable economic advantage from the taxes collected thanks to tea exports. It was then coffee that supplanted English tea.

Over time, to meet European demand, coffee was introduced to South America, Brazil and Colombia in particular, where cultivation would represent a significant part of the income from the land. Unfortunately, it is thanks to slavery that production will be ensured, benefiting only the owners of huge farms worked by slaves.

At the same time, coffee trees were taken to India, then a British colony, to ensure the establishment of sufficient plantations to ensure the consumption of the British Empire. Unfortunately, all the plantations suffered from a disease, which had to be replaced by tea, which was more resistant to local conditions.

The Dutch crown planted its crops in its colonies in Indonesia.

Today, all of the production comes from countries whose latitude allows the cultivation of coffee. We talk about the “coffee belt”. Thus, we find them in Central America for example (Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras, etc…), in South America (Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, etc…), in Africa (Ethiopia, Ivory Coast, etc…), as well as in Asia (Vietnam, Indonesia, etc…). Given the conditions necessary for the conservation of plantations, it is in countries where the flora is tropical that the coffea shrub is generally cultivated. Although robusta and arabica do not require the same configurations to grow, it is nevertheless necessary that the temperatures are favorable for the plants of the two species to grow properly.

COFFEE TODAY

Even if it is the arabica variety which has long dominated the whole of world consumption, robusta has come to modify the habits of consumers, allowing them to choose between a full-bodied coffee loaded with caffeine (robusta) and a more aromatic and less bitter (arabica). Many brands offer blends to help mitigate the effect of one, or accentuate the bitterness of the other.